Adaptive Microphone Array System with Two-Stage Adaptation Mode Controller
In this paper, an adaptive microphone array system with a two-stage adaptation mode controller (AMC) is proposed for high-quality speech acquisition in real environments. The proposed system includes an adaptive array algorithm, a time-delay estimator and a newly proposed AMC. To ensure proper adaptation of the adaptive array algorithm, the proposed AMC uses not only temporal information, but also spatial information. The proposed AMC is constructed with two processing stages: an initialization stage and a running stage. In the initialization stage, a sound source localization technique is adopted, and a signal correlation characteristic is used in the running stage. For the adaptive array algorithm, a generalized sidelobe canceller with an adaptive blocking matrix is used. The proposed algorithm is implemented as a real-time man-machine interface module of a home-agent robot. Simulation results show 13 dB SINR improvement with the speaker sitting 2 m distance from the home-agent robot. The speech recognition rate is also enhanced by 32% when compared to the single channel acquisition system.
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