Ultrathin crystalline-silicon-based strain gauges with deep learning algorithms for silent speech interfaces

International Journal
2023-01-17 15:38
Authors : Taemin Kim, Yejee Shin, Kyowon Kang, Kiho Kim, Gwanho Kim, Yunsu Byeon, Hwayeon Kim, Yuyan Gao, Jeong Ryong Lee, Geonhui Son, Taeseong Kim, Yohan Jun, Jihyun Kim, Jinyoung Lee, Seyun Um, Yoohwan Kwon, Byung Gwan Son, Myeongki Cho, Mingyu Sang, Jongwoon Shin, Kyubeen Kim, Jungmin Suh, Heekyeong Choi, Seokjun Hong, Huanyu Cheng, Hong-Goo Kang, Dosik Hwang & Ki Jun Yu

Year : 2022

Publisher / Conference : Nature Communications

Volume : 13

Research area : Speech Signal Processing

Presentation/Publication date : 03 October 2022

Presentation : None

A wearable silent speech interface (SSI) is a promising platform that enables verbal communication without vocalization. The most widely studied methodology for SSI focuses on surface electromyography (sEMG). However, sEMG suffers from low scalability because of signal quality-related issues, including signal-to-noise ratio and interelectrode interference. Hence, here, we present a novel SSI by utilizing crystalline-silicon-based strain sensors combined with a 3D convolutional deep learning algorithm. Two perpendicularly placed strain gauges with minimized cell dimension (<0.1 mm2) could effectively capture the biaxial strain information with high reliability. We attached four strain sensors near the subject’s mouths and collected strain data of unprecedently large wordsets (100 words), which our SSI can classify at a high accuracy rate (87.53%). Several analysis methods were demonstrated to verify the system’s reliability, as well as the performance comparison with another SSI using sEMG electrodes with the same dimension, which exhibited a relatively low accuracy rate (42.60%).
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