An Effective Style Token Weight Control Technique for End-to-End Emotional Speech Synthesis

International Journal
2019-09-01 22:16
Authors : Ohsung Kwon, Inseon Jang, ChungHyun Ahn, Hong-Goo Kang

Year : 2019

Publisher / Conference : IEEE Signal Processing Letters

Volume : 26, issue 9

Page : 1383-1387

In this letter, we propose a high-quality emotional speech synthesis system, using emotional vector space, i.e., the weighted sum of global style tokens (GSTs). Our previous research verified the feasibility of GST-based emotional speech synthesis in an end-to-end text-to-speech synthesis framework. However, selecting appropriate reference audio (RA) signals to extract emotion embedding vectors to the specific types of target emotions remains problematic. To ameliorate the selection problem, we propose an effective way of generating emotion embedding vectors by utilizing the trained GSTs. By assuming that the trained GSTs represent an emotional vector space, we first investigate the distribution of all the training samples depending on the type of each emotion. We then regard the centroid of the distribution as an emotion-specific weighting value, which effectively controls the expressiveness of synthesized speech, even without using the RA for guidance, as it did before. Finally, we confirm that the proposed controlled weight-based method is superior to the conventional emotion label-based methods in terms of perceptual quality and emotion classification accuracy.
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